Navi Mumbai was developed in 1972 as a twin city of Mumbai, and is the largest planned city in the world, with 163 square kilometres under the jurisdiction of the Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) and a total area of 344 square kilometers.
Navi Mumbai population
Navi Mumbai has a population of 2,600,000 of which approximately 800,000 live in Nerul and about 700,000 in Vashi, with the remainder residing in Belapur, Sanpada, Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane and surrounding areas.
Navi Mumbai development by CIDCO
CIDCO carved out 14 nodes—small townships with a view towards facilitating comprehensive development. These nodes are named Airoli, Ghansoli, KoparKhairane, Vashi, Sanpada, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Kamothe, Kharghar, Kalamboli, New Panvel, Ulwe, Pushpak, and Dronagiri.
Central Business District (CBD) is the heart of Navi Mumbai. It is being developed as one of the
biggest commercial as well as residential areas. CBD – Belapur is easily accessible from all parts
of Navi Mumbai and Mumbai by road, rail and water transport facilities. Suburban Railway and hovercraft
service directly connect Belapur to South Mumbai.
There exists a provision for a helipad and helicopter service making Belapur Station Complex accessible by air too.
A well designed, wide access road makes it directly accessible from the Sion Panvel Expressway.
The Central Business District boasts of some of the most futuristic office and commercial buildings
in style and aesthetic ambience. The Technology Centre in the Belapur Station Complex has a total
built up area of 1 million sq. feet has been built up wonderfully to meet the international standards.
Nerul is the biggest Residential Node of Navi Mumbai divided into 56 sectors; Nerul has developed at a
very fast rate. Ideally located, the node is well known, with the presence of The D.Y. Patil Medical and
Engineering College, S.I.E.S. Institute of Management Studies, Colleges, Polytechnics and Schools. Specialty
Hospital of 500 beds and Seawood Railway Station have been inaugurated recently Well known Palm Beach marg
passes by outer boundary of Nerul node.
Vashi is connected by a four-lane bridge to Mumbai. It has large residential & commercial complexes,
the picture perfect railway stations, roads, and shopping arcades.
Vashi station complex is built to ISO 9002 quality standards and has set a new benchmark for
21st century railway stations. It is directly accessed from the Mumbai – Pune Highway by a well designed,
wide access road. The Vashi Station Complex is one of the largest and highly prestigious complexes of Navi Mumbai
with a total built up area of 7, 57,289 sq.ft. The Complex houses Office Premises covering an area of 5, 91,800 sq.ft.
a Shopping Arcade of 1,63,552 sq.ft. and an International Infotech Park (IIP).
The International InfoTech Park (IIP) in the Station Complex is spread over an area of 80 hectares with almost 6 lack sq. ft.
of built up space of the Vashi Railway Station at its epicenter. The IIP houses shops specific to Computer Industry.
Turbhe houses the biggest wholesale agricultural produce market in the entire area of Mumbai –
the A.P.M.C. (Agricultural Produce Marketing Corporation). All agricultural produce like dals, wholegrains,
oilseeds,fruits, vegetables etc. are sold in wholesale here.
Koparkhairne is a developing node of Navi Mumbai. The node is located close to Vashi.
The Node has been divided into 16 sectors and a large number of residential areas have
come up here. Over a period of next two years Koparkhairne will stand parallel to Navi Mumbai’s
most developed node – Vashi.
There is Indira Gandhi Engineering College in Koparkhairane.
140-acre plot in Navi Mumbai, Dhirubhai Ambani Knowledge City (DARC) is the heart of Reliance Infocom Limited.
DAKC houses the National Headquarters, Internet Data Centres, Call Centres, Applications Development Laboratories
and the National Network Operations Centre of Reliance Infocom.
This sea facing area connects Navi Mumbai directly to Mumbai via the beautiful Airoli Bridge.
This is developed to give direct access from suburbs of Mumbai to Navi Mumbai. This link helps
in proper dispersal of traffic and there is considerable saving in travel time and fuel cost.
This bridge reduces the travel distance by 9 – 10 kms and also relieves pressure on existing
Thane creek bridge and Kalwa bridge. A road link connecting Thane-Belapur road and eastern express
highway has been established by this bridge. Airoli has excellent educational facilities which
include 2 engineering colleges.
When Navi Mumbai was created in 1970s, CIDCO was the only authority that looked after the development and
maintenance of the city. CIDCO prepared a developmental plan for Navi Mumbai covering 95 villages from Thane
and Raigad district. For the first ten years of the project CIDCO acted as the planning and administrative body,
as well as the developer and builder for the project. Taxes on property, land, commercial, and water were payable
to CIDCO. The 14 nodes which CIDCO created were named Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane, Vashi, Sanpada, Nerul,
CBD Belapur, Kharghar, Kalamboli, Kamothe, New Panvel, Ulwe, Pushpak and Dronagiri. Each of the nodes is divided
into smaller groups called sectors, which are numbered.
Initially only Vashi, Nerul, CBD Belapur, and Airoli were developed by CIDCO with housing, schools, and community
centre roads. But after the arrival of the Harbour Line extension in 1990s, there was an increase in population.
CIDCO shifted its development plan to nodes like Kharghar, Kamothe, New Panvel, Airoli, Ghansoli, and Kopar Khairane.
In its new development plan, CIDCO land was allocated to builders for housing. CIDCO only provided basic infrastructure
like roads, water, and electricity; these nodes were developed mostly by private builders according to the CIDCO plan.
In 17 December 1991 Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) was constituted by the State Government for maintaining some
of the developed nodes of Navi Mumbai.
Local self-government started on 1 January 1992. NMMC was handed nine of the 25 nodes of the Navi Mumbai project area for
its jurisdiction. However, CIDCO, as a Planning Authority, has rights on the open plots in these five nodes.
The nine nodes maintained by NMMC are Belapur, Nerul, Vashi, Turbhe, Koparkhairane, Ghansoli, Airoli, Digha, and Dahisar
as of 1 January 1998, with the physical and social infrastructure already in place.
The municipal corporation is headed by a municipal commissioner and an elected mayor. There are 64 electoral wards in
Navi Mumbai. A corporator is elected in each of the wards. All the nodes under the municipal corporation come under
The newly developed nodes of Navi Mumbai on the south side like Kharghar, Kamothe, Kalamboli, New Panvel, and Panvel
are still maintained by CIDCO and don't come under NMMC jurisdiction. These nodes, which are all beyond Belapur, come
under the Raigad District and are under the jurisdiction of the Panvel Municipal Council.
Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport Undertaking or NMMT Undertaking is the local transport service operated by the
Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation in the city of Navi Mumbai and adjoining areas of Dombivli, Badlapur, Uran,
Panvel, Thane, Kalyan and Mulund.
The city has one Member of Parliament seat, two Member of legislature seats, and 89 Corporation seats.
The Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation is ruled by the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP). The NCP holds
55 seats in the NMMC and holds all of the MP and MLA seats. The Shiv Sena-BJP holds the second largest
position in the corporation with a combined total of 17 seats. The Indian National Congress party has
13 seats in the corporation. Other parties like the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena, Samajwadi Party,
Bahujan Samaj Party, Republican Party of India (Athvale), Janata Dal (Secular), and other parties
contest elections but presently hold no seats.
Organisations like Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Bajrang Dal are also present here but are not active in politics.
Some of the major politicians from Navi Mumbai are Excise Minister Ganesh Naik, MP Sanjeev Naik, MLA Sandeep Naik,
BJP Leader Suresh Haware, and Shiv Sena Chief Vijay Chougule.